Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) was an English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist. Kipling’s works of fiction include "The Jungle Book" (1894), "Kim" (1901), and many short stories, including “The Man Who Would Be King” (1888). He was one of the most popular writers in the United Kingdom in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and is regarded as a major innovator in the art of the short story. He wrote several supernatural stories such as “The Phantom Rickshaw” (1888), “The Strange Ride of Morrowbie Jukes” (1899), and his most famous horror story, “The Mark of the Beast” (1890). In 1907 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.